Tafsir Al-Qummi

"Those who uphold the throne and those around it glorify in the praise of their Lord and seek forgiveness for those who believe [saying:] 'Our Lord, You have encompassed all things in mercy and knowledge, so forgive those who have repented and have followed Your way and protect them from the punishment of Hellfire. Our Lord, admit them to gardens of perpetual residence which You have promised them and whoever was righteous among their fathers, their spouses, and their offspring. Surely, it is You who is the exalted in Might, the Wise. And protect them from sins. He whom You protect from sins that Day, you will have given him mercy, that is the great victory.'" (40:7-9)

A man asked Imam Ja`far b. Muhammad [a], “Are there more angels than humans?”

The Imam replied, “By the One who has my soul in His hands, the angels of Allah in the heavens are greater in number than the amount of grains of dirt in the Earth. There is not a place in the heavens except that there is an angel that glorifies and sanctifies Him, and there is not a tree or a lump in the Earth except that there is a guardian angel whose actions are observed by Allah – and Allah knows best about it. There is not one from them except that it gets closer to Allah everyday through our wilaya, the Ahl al-Bayt. They seek forgiveness for our lovers, and they curse our enemies and ask Him to send His punishment to them. And His saying, ‘Those who uphold the throne’ – meaning, the Messenger of Allah [s] and the deputies after him who uphold the [revealed] knowledge of Allah – ‘and those around it’ – meaning, the angels – ‘glorify in the praise of their Lord and seek forgiveness for those who believe’ – meaning, the followers of the Family of Muhammad – ‘[saying:] Our Lord, You have encompassed all things in mercy and knowledge, so forgive those who have repented’ – from the allegiance of so-and-so and so-and-so and Bani Umayya – ‘and have followed Your way’ – this is the wilaya of the Vicegerent of Allah – ‘and protect them from the punishment of Hellfire. Our Lord, admit them to gardens of perpetual residence which You have promised them and whoever was righteous among their fathers, their spouses, and their offspring. Surely, it is You who is the exalted in Might, the Wise.’ – meaning, those who aligned with `Ali [a], for that is their deliverance – ‘and protect them from sins. He whom You protect from sins that Day, you will have given him mercy,’ – meaning, on the Day of Resurrection – ‘that is the great victory.’ (40:7-9) – meaning, whomever Allah delivers from these (so-and-so, so-and-so, and so-and so).”

في تفسير على بن ابراهيم حدثنى أبى عن القاسم بن محمد عن سليمان بن داود المنقرى عن حماد عن أبى عبد الله عليه السلام أنه سئل: الملائكة أكثر أم بنو آدم ؟ فقال: والذى نفسي بيده لملائكة الله في السموات أكثر من عدد التراب في الارض، وما في السماء موضع قدم الا وفيه ملك يسبحه ويقدسه، ولا في الارض شجرة ولا مدرة الا وفيها ملك موكل بها يأتي الله كل يوم بعملها، والله أعلم بها، وما منهم أحد الا و يتقرب كل يوم إلى الله بولايتنا أهل البيت ويستغفر لمحبنا ويلعن أعدائنا، ويسال الله عزوجل أن يرسل عليهم العذاب إرسالا، وقوله: (الذين يحملون العرش) يعنى رسول الله صلى الله عليه واله والاوصياء من بعده يحملون علم الله (ومن حوله) يعنى الملائكة (يسبحون بحمد ربهم ويستغفرون للذين آمنوا) يعنى شيعة آل محمد (ربنا وسعت كل شئ رحمة وعلما فاغفر للذين تابوا) من ولاية فلان وفلان وبنى امية (واتبعوا سبيلك) أي ولاية ولى الله (وقهم عذاب الجحيم) إلى قوله (الحكيم) يعنى من تولى عليا عليه السلام، فذلك صلاحهم (وقهم السيئات ومن تق السيئات يومئذ فقد رحمته) يعنى يوم القيامة (وذلك هو الفوز العظيم) لمن نجاه الله من هؤلاء يعنى ولاية فلان وفلان وفلان.