Fatehpur Sikri in Agra is a must visit spot in India

If you are an archeological enthusiast or enjoy visiting places with exquisite cultural and royal history here are some interesting facts about Fatehpur Sikri, a place which deserves to be on your travel lists. Fatehpur Sikri is a World Heritage Site ranked among the most visited spots in India situated near Agra, Uttar Pradesh.

 

Sikri is a pre-historic site and archeological evidence found in Sikri and its mention in the Mahabharata and the stone sculpture of Jaina Saraswati (1010 A.D) suggest it was the habitat of primitive man’s.

 

Just like most of the historical monuments Sikri's Jal-Mahal (fort surrounded by the lake-water), a baoli (step-well) and the Gardens were the epitome of battle victory, erected by Babur after the Khanwah battle.

 

The great city of Fatehpur came into existence when Akbar, grandson of Babur, shifted his residence and court from Agra to Sikri, to honor the Sufi Saint Sheikh Salim Chishti, who predicted the birth of an heir to the Mughal throne. In his endeavor to build a tribute city in the devotion of his revered saint, Akbar build the most beautiful palaces, halls, and mosques It is claimed that Akbar build three palaces for each of his favorite wives, one a Hindu, one a Muslim and one a Christian (although a highly disputed claim).

 

This magnificently fortified first planned city of the Mughals was also called a ‘Ghost City'. The intention was for Fatehpur to be the joint capital with Agra, but an alleged water shortage problem could not support any residence and was deserted soon after the Akbar's demise. Now untouched for over 400 years, its palaces are the finest examples of Mughal architectural splendor at its height. The extravagance of the Mughals Fatehpur Sikri, where the Mosque is said to be a copy of the mosque in Mecca, is the culmination of Hindu and Muslim architecture at its best.

 

If you are planning a trip, these are the places you must see:

 

Diwan-i-Khas- served as the royal chamber of Emperor Akbar.

 

Panch Mahal- This is one of the most fascinating buildings in Fatehpur Sikri. It is a five-storeyed building for royal ladies and mistresses. The top story of the building offers a panoramic view of the surrounding area.

 

Tomb of Salim Chisti- The tomb dedicated to Sufi Saint Sheikh Salim Chishti is well known for its delicate carvings and draws hundreds of pilgrims.

 

Buland Darwaza- one of the important monuments Buland Darwaza is an enormous gateway of 54 meters (largest gateway in the world).

 

If you have time on your hands, Fatehpur Sikri has plenty more to offer. You can visit Diwan-I-Am, Turkish Sultana House, The Treasury - Daulat khana-I-khas, Palace of Jodha Bai, Hawa Mahal And Nagina Masjid, Birbal Palace, Karawan Sarai, Sunehra Makan and The Jama Masjid. The ideal time to visit Fatehpur Sikri is between the months of November and February when the weather cold but the afternoons are pleasantly warm with sunny sky. The red-sandstone palace walls are at their most atmospheric and photogenic at sunset.

 

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